This program has expired. No credit can be earned.

          a. Acinetobacter baumanii

a. Acinetobacter baumannii

A baumanii is an aerobic encapsulated, nonfermenting gram-negative bacterium resistant to most antibiotics. It can be found in the soil and water. There are more than 29 species of Acinetobacter and A baumanii is responsible for more than 80% of infections. Recently A baumanii became a nosocomial infection and the organism has been reported to survive for months on high-touch surfaces such as patients’ beds, clothing, room doorknobs, call buttons, and bathrooms. It has also been implicated in nosocomial outbreaks of septicemia, ventilator-acquired pneumonia, and urinary tract and wound infections. About 20% to 40% of cases are attributed to cross infections by the hands of HCWs (Weber et al. 2010). A baumannii is an opportunistic infection. There have been many reports of A baumannii infections among American soldiers wounded in Iraq, earning it the nickname "Iraqibacter." Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter is not a new phenomenon; it has always been inherently resistant to multiple antibiotics. The illness can cause severe pneumonia and infections of the urinary tract, bloodstream, and other body organs (Aquirre-Avalos et al. 2010).