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Antimicrobial Drug Resistance (AMDR)

Please complete the following questionnaire before continuing.

Antimicrobial Drug Resistance (AMDR)

1.  Almost _______ out of every 1000 hospitalized patients in economically developing countries are either infected with or carriers of microorganisms resistant to common antibiotic drugs.

2.  About ____% of bacteria that cause infections in hospitals are resistant to at least one of the common antibiotics.

3.  Resistance to antimalarial drugs develops most rapidly with:

4.  Primary influenza protective measures are:

5.  5. In 2005, the World Health Organization reported that more than _____% of all medicines (including antibiotic drugs) are prescribed, dispensed, or sold inappropriately, with _____% of patients failing to take them correctly.

6.  Demand for and use of antibiotic drugs is second only to that of:

7.  In Europe, ____ in 10 antiretroviral-naive patients carried viruses with more than one drug-resistance mutation.

8.  The annual healthcare cost associated with the treatment of resistant infections in the United States was estimated at more than US $________ in 2002.

9.  Strategies for influencing antimicrobial prescribing patterns within healthcare facilities include:

10.  Deaths from acute respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, measles, AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis account for more than _____% of the mortality from infections worldwide.

11.  Prevalence (%) of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among European Union patients presenting with bacteremia is highest in:

12.  Which of the countries list below is not among those that have the highest rates of oral antimicrobial drug prescriptions?

13.  As much as ________ of the antimalaria medications in Southeast Asia may be counterfeit.

14.  In the United States, more than ______% of community infections were found to be caused by strains traceable to the hospital or to long-term care facilities (Charlebois 2004).